Biomolecular screening

Nef is a human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) accessory factor essential for viral pathogenesis and AIDS progression. Many Nef functions require dimerization, and small molecules that block Nef dimerization may represent antiretroviral drug leads. Here we describe a cell-based assay for Nef dimerization inhibitors based on bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC). [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
The ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia, mutated) protein kinase is a major regulator of cellular responses to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), DNA lesions that can be caused by ionizing irradiation (IR), oxidative damage, or exposure to certain chemical agents. In response to DSBs, the ATM kinase is activated and subsequently phosphorylates numerous downstream [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potential target for cancer treatment because of its role in angiogenesis and its overexpression in most human cancers. Currently, anti-VEGF antibodies have been shown to be promising tools for therapeutic applications. However, large size, poor tumor penetration, immunogenicity, and production in cost- and [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Disruption of protein processing in the secretory pathway is a measurable hallmark of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Activation of ER stress–mediated pathways has been implicated in numerous diseases, including cancer. To identify agents that induce ER stress, we established a screen for compounds that reduce secretion of the reporter protein [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Recent genetic evidence suggests that the diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL-α) isoform is the major biosynthetic enzyme for the most abundant endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), in the central nervous system. Revelation of its essential role in regulating retrograde synaptic plasticity and adult neurogenesis has made it an attractive therapeutic target. Therefore, it has [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Liver X receptor α (LXRα) plays an important role in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), and activation of LXRα could reduce atherosclerosis. In the present study, we developed a screening method to identify new potential LXRα agonists using an LXRα-GAL4 chimera reporter assay. A novel analogue of N,N-disubstituted 2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]decane, IMB-151, was [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is a therapeutically important target on the eukaryotic tryptophan catabolic pathway, where it converts L-kynurenine (Kyn) to 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-HK). We have cloned and expressed the human form of this membrane protein as a full-length GST-fusion in a recombinant baculovirus expression system. An enriched membrane preparation was used [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
The existence of phenotypic differences in the drug responses of 3D tissue relative to 2D cell culture is a concern in high-content drug screening. Biodynamic imaging is an emerging technology that probes 3D tissue using short-coherence dynamic light scattering to measure the intracellular motions inside tissues in their natural microenvironments. [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Elevation of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) is critically associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ-induced synaptic abnormalities, including altered receptor trafficking and synapse loss, have been linked to cognitive deficits in AD. Recent work implicates a lipid critical for neuronal function, phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2], in Aβ-induced synaptic and behavioral impairments. Synaptojanin 1 [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are attractive but challenging targets for drug discovery. To overcome numerous limitations of the currently available cell-based PPI assays, we have recently established a fully reversible microscopy-assisted fluorescent two-hybrid (F2H) assay. The F2H assay offers a fast and straightforward readout: an interaction-dependent co-localization of two distinguishable fluorescent [...]
Sat, Mar 08, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening

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