Biomolecular screening

We investigated the use of Adaptive Focused Acoustics (AFA) technology to improve the performance of microtiter plate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Experiments were performed with commercially available AFA instrumentation and off-the-shelf 96-well microtiter plate sandwich ELISAs. AFA was applied over a range of acoustic energies, temperatures, and durations to the [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Automated imaging screens are performed mostly on fixed and stained samples to simplify the workflow and increase throughput. Some processes, such as the movement of cells and organelles or measuring membrane integrity and potential, can be measured only in living cells. Developing such assays to screen large compound or RNAi [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
In the nuclei of hepatocytes, glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP) modulates the activity of glucokinase (GK), a key regulator of glucose homeostasis. Currently, direct activators of GK (GKAs) are in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, this approach is generally associated with a risk of hypoglycemia. To mitigate [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
PERK is serine/threonine kinase localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. PERK is activated and contributes to cell survival in response to a variety of physiological stresses that affect protein quality control in the ER, such as hypoxia, glucose depravation, increased lipid biosynthesis, and increased protein translation. Pro-survival functions of [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Shikimate dehydrogenase (AroE) is an attractive target for herbicides and antimicrobial agents due to its conserved and essential nature in plants, fungi, and bacteria. Here, we have performed an in vitro screen using a collection of more than 5500 compounds and identified 24 novel inhibitors of AroE from Pseudomonas putida. [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
The target of this study, the PfM18 aspartyl aminopeptidase (PfM18AAP), is the only AAP present in the genome of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. PfM18AAP is a metallo-exopeptidase that exclusively cleaves N-terminal acidic amino acids glutamate and aspartate. It is expressed in parasite cytoplasm and may function in concert with [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
One approach currently being developed in anticancer drug discovery is to search for small compounds capable of occupying and blocking the hydrophobic pocket of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members necessary for interacting with pro-apoptotic proteins. Such an approach led to the discovery of several compounds, such as ABT-737 (which interacts with [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most popular and proven target classes for therapeutic intervention. The increased appreciation for allosteric modulation, receptor oligomerization, and biased agonism has led to the development of new assay platforms that seek to capitalize on these aspects of GPCR biology. High-content screening is [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Production of novel soluble and membrane-localized protein targets for functional and affinity-based screening has often been limited by the inability of traditional protein-expression systems to generate recombinant proteins that have properties similar to those of their endogenous counterparts. Such targets have often been labeled as challenging. Although biological validation of [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Spheroid-based cellular screening approaches represent a highly physiologic experimental setup to identify novel anticancer drugs and an innovative preclinical model to reduce the high failure rate of anticancer compounds in clinical trials. The resazurin reduction (RR) assay, known as the alamarBlue or CellTiter-Blue assay, is frequently used to determine cell [...]
Sat, Jul 19, 2014
Journal of Biomolecular Screening

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